LLOYD GEORGE, DAVID° (Earl Lloyd-George; 1863–1945), British prime minister (1916–22) under whose government the balfour declaration was approved. Lloyd George first came into contact with the Zionist movement in 1903, when the firm of solicitors for whom he worked prepared, at the request of leopold greenberg , a draft connected with the uganda scheme . After Britain's declaration of war on Turkey in November 1914, he told herbert samuel that he "was very keen to see a jewish state established in Palestine," so that when he first met chaim weizmann in December 1914, he was already in a receptive mood toward Zionism. Lloyd George, the Welshman, was drawn toward Zionism both by his religious upbringing ("I was taught far more about the history of the Jews than about the history of my own people," he wrote) and by his belief that "it is the small nations that have been chosen for great things." Although sentiment played no small part in Lloyd George's approach, on strictly rational grounds he was determined to make Palestine British, at a time when the Zionists regarded British administration of the country as vital to their aims. Before Sir Mark Sykes left for Egypt in April 1917 to become Allenby's political adviser, Lloyd George impressed upon him three main points: (1) Palestine was to be under British rule; (2) no pledges should be given to the Arabs concerning Palestine; (3) nothing should be done to prejudice the Zionist aspirations with regard to Palestine. In the cabinet, Lloyd George enthusiastically supported the pro-Zionist Balfour Declaration, viewing it as a step toward the possible establishment of a Jewish state. A few days before the issue of the declaration, he told Weizmann: "I know that with the issue of this Declaration I shall please one group (i.e., the Zionists) and displease another (i.e., the assimilationists). I have decided to please your group because you stand for a great idea." He also brought about ratification of the Balfour Declaration at the san remo conference and its inclusion in the mandate for Palestine. Lloyd George appointed Herbert Samuel as the first high commissioner for Palestine and fought vehemently against the Passfield White Paper of 1930 (see white papers ). In his testimony before the Royal Commission for Palestine in 1937 he said: "… it was contemplated (in 1917) that when the time arrived for according representative institutions for Palestine, if the Jews had meanwhile responded to the opportunity afforded them and had become a definite majority of the inhabitants, then Palestine would thus become a Jewish commonwealth." He told the Royal Commission that halting Jewish immigration to Palestine would be "a fraud." He took the same firm stand against the anti-Zionist White Paper of 1939. An entire chapter on Palestine is included in his Memoirs of the Peace Conference (2 (1939), 721–74). Lloyd George's pro-Zionist, philo-semitic career was one of the high points of gentile pro-Zionism in Britain, occasioned by a unique conflation of political opportunity in the Middle East and the significant tradition of Protestant philo-semitism in England, as well as his own perceptions of the Jews as an oppressed small nation similar to his own people, the Welsh. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Stein, The Balfour Declaration (1961), index; C. Weizmann, Trial and Error (1949), index; F. Owen, Tempestuous Journey (1954), index; R. Lloyd George, Lloyd George (1960), index; C. Sykes, Crossroads to Israel (1965), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY:   ODNB online; A. Rose, The Gentile Zionists: A Study in Anglo-Jewish Diplomacy, 19291939 (1973); W.D. Rubinstein and Hilary L. Rubinstein, Philosemitism: Admiration and Support in the English-Speaking World for Jews, 18401939 (1999), 166–69; D. Vital, Zionism: The Crucial Phase (1987). (Daniel Efron)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lloyd George,David — Lloyd George, David. First Earl of Dwyfor. 1863 1945. British politician who served as prime minister from 1916 to 1922. He introduced (1911) Great Britain s National Health Insurance program. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lloyd George, David — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom Introduction also called (1945)  1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, Viscount Gwynedd of Dwyfor   born Jan. 17, 1863, Manchester died March 26, 1945, Ty newydd, near Llanystumdwy, Caernarvonshire, Wales  British… …   Universalium

  • Lloyd George, David — (1863–1945)    David Lloyd George was British prime minister during World War I, a progenitor of the welfare state, and both a critic and practitioner of imperialism. Lloyd George came from a lower middle class family of schoolteachers, farmers,… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Lloyd George, David —  (1863–1945) (No hyphen.) British prime minister (1916–22); but Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor (hyphen) for his title as a peer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Lloyd George, David —    (no hyphen), for the British Prime Minister, but Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor (hyphen) for his title as a peer …   Dictionary of troublesome word

  • Lloyd George, David (Earl) — (1863–1945)    British prime minister. Lloyd George was prime minister of the government, that issued the BALFOUR Declaration in 1917. The ‘Welsh wizard’ was a lifelong supporter of Zionism. His first contact with the movement was in 1903 when he …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Lloyd George — Lloyd George, David …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lloyd George, David — ► (1863 1945) Político británico. Jefe del Partido Liberal. Liquidó las prerrogativas de los lores en cuestiones financieras, e hizo aprobar a los Comunes una serie de leyes que protegían a los trabajadores contra el desempleo, la enfermedad y la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • David Lloyd George — Lloyd George redirects here. For the U.S. Federal Judge, see Lloyd D. George. In this name, the family name is Lloyd George, not George. The Right Honourable The Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM PC …   Wikipedia

  • David Lloyd George — 1908 David Lloyd George, 1. Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor OM …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”